Octavio Alberola, interviewed by Agustín Guillamón in November 2016

Octavio Alberola Suriñach (Alaior, Menorca, 1928), anarcho-syndicalist and Franco’s public enemy No. 1 from 1962 to 1975. Exiled with his parents to Mexico in 1939, Alberola studied civil engineering and theoretical physics at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), where he became involved with the Libertarian Youth and the CNT in exile. He also worked, from 1956, with the exiled Cubans of the July 26 Movement and the Student Revolutionary Directory until the fall of the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista. In 1962 the Defense Committee of the Spanish Libertarian Movement (MLE) formed the clandestine Interior Defence (Defensa Interior) Committee, to which Alberola was delegated as a representative of the Iberian Federation of Libertarian Youth (FIJL). Consequently, Alberola moved to France to coordinate the DI’s harrying, propagandist and solidarity actions across Europe, including inside Spain. These actions included an assassination attempt against Francisco Franco in San Sebastián in the summer of 1962, the first of a number of attentats. The San Sebastian attempt failed due to technical problems with the triggering device — and because Franco arrived later than expected.

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ANARCHISTS AND BASQUES IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR. 4. FOR THE FALLEN. Cazafortines – 2016. Translated by Paul Sharkey

Part Four: Contents

  1. Remembrance of the Battle of Medoc
  2. Anarchist Losses
  3. Libertad Battalion Combatants – Spanish Anarchist Guerrillas in the Dordogne – A Short list of Libertad Battalion Combatants
  4. The Enigma of Capdevila (aka Caraquemada)
  5. The Traces of the Battle

15. THE BATTLE OF THE MEDOC MEMORIAL

The names of all the troops (French, colonial and foreign) who featured and perished in the Medoc offensive are engraved on the Memorial erected in the town of Soulac-sur-Mer. Beside the dunes of the Atlantic shore-line, a thick wall pays tribute to the lives cut short in the Battle for Pointe de Grave and the Liberation of the Medoc (1945).

Photo: The Memorial to the Battle for the Medoc and the Pointe de Grave Front

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ANARCHISTS AND BASQUES IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR. 3. THE MEDOC FRONT. Cazafortines – 2016. Translated by Paul Sharkey

CONTENTS

  1. Bound for the Medoc Front
  2. The German Stronghold- Festung South Gironde – Defences-Defenders-Supplies
  3. The Battle for the Medoc – The Libertad Battalion with the FFI – The Carnot Brgade – 1st Foreign Volunteer Battalion
  4. The Medoc Offensive – The Fighting
  5. The Medoc Offensive – After the Fighting Ended
  6. The Medoc Offensive and the Exile Press
  7. The Libertad Battalion: The Views of Other Protagonists
  1. BOUND FOR THE MEDOC FRONT

Having severed its ties to the UNE in Sauveterre-de-Bearn in the winter of 1944, in January 1945, Ordoki’s unit moved to fresh quarters in a French army camp in Le Bouscat near Bordeaux (Gironde), in which city on 26 February 1945, its members signed on as volunteers with the French Forces of the Interior (FFI). Weeks later, they were transferred to the Macau camp on the battle-front, there to join the 8th RMME, only to be transferred again on 22 March 1945 to the western sector of the Medoc peninsula on the Atlantic coast.

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ANARCHISTS AND BASQUES IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR. 2. HEADED FOR OBLIVION. Cazafortines – 2016. Translated by Paul Sharkey

CONTENTS 

  1. Friction with the AGE: the Case of the Basques
  2. Friction with the UNE: the Libertad Battalion case – Ravanel – FFI (French Forces of the Interior)
  3. The Libertad Battalion: a Brand-New Scenario
  4. The Libertad Battalion and the Libertarian Movement – The Libertad Battalion and the Libertarian Press – The Libertad Battalion: Question Marks
  5. The Enigma of Santos, the Libertad Battalion’s comandante

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ANARCHISTS AND BASQUES IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR. 1. THE LIBERTAD AND GERNIKA BATTALIONS IN THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE (1944-1945). Cazafortines – 2016. Translated by Paul Sharkey

Dedicated to Cristina Plaza, a beloved friend whose departure has left us bereft. We would have loved you to have read this

(PART ONE) CONTENTS

  1. The Fighting on the Médoc Peninsula and in Pointe de Grave
  2. The Origin of the Gernika Battalion: the Agrupación de Guerrilleros Españoles (AGE)
  3. Origin of the Libertad Battalion: Lot-et-Garonne

Eysses Prison in Villeneuve-sur-Lot

The Dolle Maquis – northern Lot

Creation of the Libertad Battalion

Wilebaldo Solano’s version

The Maquis in Lot-et-Garonne

The CNT Agrupación in Fumel

The Maquis in Les Landes

24th AGE DIVISION – Commandants ROBERT and MARTA

24th DIVISION’s 31st BRIGADE (renamed the 3rd BRIGADE) – Commandant BARBAS

Creation of the Libertad Battalion. A different version.

The Maquis in the Dordogne

The SOLEIL Maquis – The CARLOS Maquis – The LEÓN Maquis

The Maquis in Tarn et Garonne

The SEPTFONDS INTERNMENT CAMPS

The Maquis in the Massif Central

The L’Aigle Dam

The Maquis, the CNT and the Resistance

The L’Aigle Dam Maquis and the UNE

  1. CNT PERSONNEL INSIDE COMMUNIST ORGANIZATIONS
  2. REGARDING ORIGINS AND EXODUSES

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