ITALIAN-SPEAKING ANARCHISTS DEPORTED TO GERMANY DURING WWII by Franco Bertolucci (from ‘A Rivista Anarchica’, Milan, No 415, April 2017). Translated by Paul Sharkey

Bodies of a Brunhausen KZ Außenkommando, most of them Italian.

1. Carlo ALVISI: Barber, born Bologna on 5 May 1918. In October 1936, he set off to defend the Spanish Republic, enlisting in the Italian Section of the CNT-FAI’s “Ascaso” Column and fought on the Huesca front. In late January 1937, he returned to Luxembourg and was arrested there by the Germans in July 1941 and put in a concentration camp near Berlin. On 20 April 1942, he was released and made his way back to Luxembourg where he worked in a foundry. Rearrested, he was handed over to the Italian police and convicted for failure to do his military service. After 8 September 1943, he was freed, but during the Nazi occupation of Italy he was deported to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Freed at the end of the war, he went back to living in Luxembourg. After 18 January 1971, he adopted the name PIANELLI, having been acknowledged by his father, Ambrosio PIANELLI. Date of death unknown.

Dachau, 24 May 1933: first prisoners doing forced labour.

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ANARCHISTS AND BASQUES IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR. 4. FOR THE FALLEN. Cazafortines – 2016. Translated by Paul Sharkey

Part Four: Contents

  1. Remembrance of the Battle of Medoc
  2. Anarchist Losses
  3. Libertad Battalion Combatants – Spanish Anarchist Guerrillas in the Dordogne – A Short list of Libertad Battalion Combatants
  4. The Enigma of Capdevila (aka Caraquemada)
  5. The Traces of the Battle

15. THE BATTLE OF THE MEDOC MEMORIAL

The names of all the troops (French, colonial and foreign) who featured and perished in the Medoc offensive are engraved on the Memorial erected in the town of Soulac-sur-Mer. Beside the dunes of the Atlantic shore-line, a thick wall pays tribute to the lives cut short in the Battle for Pointe de Grave and the Liberation of the Medoc (1945).

Photo: The Memorial to the Battle for the Medoc and the Pointe de Grave Front

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ANARCHISTS AND BASQUES IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR. 3. THE MEDOC FRONT. Cazafortines – 2016. Translated by Paul Sharkey

CONTENTS

  1. Bound for the Medoc Front
  2. The German Stronghold- Festung South Gironde – Defences-Defenders-Supplies
  3. The Battle for the Medoc – The Libertad Battalion with the FFI – The Carnot Brgade – 1st Foreign Volunteer Battalion
  4. The Medoc Offensive – The Fighting
  5. The Medoc Offensive – After the Fighting Ended
  6. The Medoc Offensive and the Exile Press
  7. The Libertad Battalion: The Views of Other Protagonists
  1. BOUND FOR THE MEDOC FRONT

Having severed its ties to the UNE in Sauveterre-de-Bearn in the winter of 1944, in January 1945, Ordoki’s unit moved to fresh quarters in a French army camp in Le Bouscat near Bordeaux (Gironde), in which city on 26 February 1945, its members signed on as volunteers with the French Forces of the Interior (FFI). Weeks later, they were transferred to the Macau camp on the battle-front, there to join the 8th RMME, only to be transferred again on 22 March 1945 to the western sector of the Medoc peninsula on the Atlantic coast.

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ANARCHISTS AND BASQUES IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR. 2. HEADED FOR OBLIVION. Cazafortines – 2016. Translated by Paul Sharkey

CONTENTS 

  1. Friction with the AGE: the Case of the Basques
  2. Friction with the UNE: the Libertad Battalion case – Ravanel – FFI (French Forces of the Interior)
  3. The Libertad Battalion: a Brand-New Scenario
  4. The Libertad Battalion and the Libertarian Movement – The Libertad Battalion and the Libertarian Press – The Libertad Battalion: Question Marks
  5. The Enigma of Santos, the Libertad Battalion’s comandante

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ANARCHISTS AND BASQUES IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR. 1. THE LIBERTAD AND GERNIKA BATTALIONS IN THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE (1944-1945). Cazafortines – 2016. Translated by Paul Sharkey

Dedicated to Cristina Plaza, a beloved friend whose departure has left us bereft. We would have loved you to have read this

(PART ONE) CONTENTS

  1. The Fighting on the Médoc Peninsula and in Pointe de Grave
  2. The Origin of the Gernika Battalion: the Agrupación de Guerrilleros Españoles (AGE)
  3. Origin of the Libertad Battalion: Lot-et-Garonne

Eysses Prison in Villeneuve-sur-Lot

The Dolle Maquis – northern Lot

Creation of the Libertad Battalion

Wilebaldo Solano’s version

The Maquis in Lot-et-Garonne

The CNT Agrupación in Fumel

The Maquis in Les Landes

24th AGE DIVISION – Commandants ROBERT and MARTA

24th DIVISION’s 31st BRIGADE (renamed the 3rd BRIGADE) – Commandant BARBAS

Creation of the Libertad Battalion. A different version.

The Maquis in the Dordogne

The SOLEIL Maquis – The CARLOS Maquis – The LEÓN Maquis

The Maquis in Tarn et Garonne

The SEPTFONDS INTERNMENT CAMPS

The Maquis in the Massif Central

The L’Aigle Dam

The Maquis, the CNT and the Resistance

The L’Aigle Dam Maquis and the UNE

  1. CNT PERSONNEL INSIDE COMMUNIST ORGANIZATIONS
  2. REGARDING ORIGINS AND EXODUSES

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