ANARCHISTS AND BASQUES IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR. 2. HEADED FOR OBLIVION. Cazafortines – 2016. Translated by Paul Sharkey

CONTENTS 

  1. Friction with the AGE: the Case of the Basques
  2. Friction with the UNE: the Libertad Battalion case – Ravanel – FFI (French Forces of the Interior)
  3. The Libertad Battalion: a Brand-New Scenario
  4. The Libertad Battalion and the Libertarian Movement – The Libertad Battalion and the Libertarian Press – The Libertad Battalion: Question Marks
  5. The Enigma of Santos, the Libertad Battalion’s comandante

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ANARCHISTS AND BASQUES IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR. 1. THE LIBERTAD AND GERNIKA BATTALIONS IN THE LIBERATION OF FRANCE (1944-1945). Cazafortines – 2016. Translated by Paul Sharkey

Dedicated to Cristina Plaza, a beloved friend whose departure has left us bereft. We would have loved you to have read this

(PART ONE) CONTENTS

  1. The Fighting on the Médoc Peninsula and in Pointe de Grave
  2. The Origin of the Gernika Battalion: the Agrupación de Guerrilleros Españoles (AGE)
  3. Origin of the Libertad Battalion: Lot-et-Garonne

Eysses Prison in Villeneuve-sur-Lot

The Dolle Maquis – northern Lot

Creation of the Libertad Battalion

Wilebaldo Solano’s version

The Maquis in Lot-et-Garonne

The CNT Agrupación in Fumel

The Maquis in Les Landes

24th AGE DIVISION – Commandants ROBERT and MARTA

24th DIVISION’s 31st BRIGADE (renamed the 3rd BRIGADE) – Commandant BARBAS

Creation of the Libertad Battalion. A different version.

The Maquis in the Dordogne

The SOLEIL Maquis – The CARLOS Maquis – The LEÓN Maquis

The Maquis in Tarn et Garonne

The SEPTFONDS INTERNMENT CAMPS

The Maquis in the Massif Central

The L’Aigle Dam

The Maquis, the CNT and the Resistance

The L’Aigle Dam Maquis and the UNE

  1. CNT PERSONNEL INSIDE COMMUNIST ORGANIZATIONS
  2. REGARDING ORIGINS AND EXODUSES

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LOS AÑOS DEL PISTOLERISMO. Ensayo para una guerra civil — León-Ignacio. (Jacinto León Ignacio Ruiz de Cardenas —1919-1991)

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Durante cinco años. de 1919 a 1923, las luchas obreras adquirieron un tono de extraordinaria violencia. Gentes de distinta ideología y diferente clase social se mataban por las calles a plena luz del día. Fue el equivalente a las revueltas espartaquistas de Alemania y a las marxistas de Hungría y otros varios países. El recuerdo de aquellos años trágicos se mantiene aún y resultan familiares los nombres de Martínez Anido, de Arlegui y del Noi del Sucre. Sin embargo, poca gente sabe cómo se llegó a eso y de qué forma, y en qué circunstancias se desarrolló la lucha.

El presente libro es un intento de exponerlo de forma cronológica y de aclarar quiénes lo hicieron y por qué lo hicieron. Se ha pretendido sobre todo exponer el gran drama humano que representó la resistencia sindicalista y la represión burguesa que ocurrieron paralelamente y que fueron consecuencia una de otra en un continuo círculo vicioso. Asimismo. el libro intenta exponer las consecuencias que durante años tuvo esa lucha, impulsada por extremistas de ambos bandos. hasta que la convivencia llegó a ser imposible. Fue un ensayo de guerra civil.

Jacinto León Ignacio Ruiz de Cardenas (1919-1991)

León-Ignacio nació en Barcelona el 21 de agosto de 1919. Estudió en el colegio del Redentor y en la English School, ambos de Barcelona, con breves intermedios en el Lycée de Foix, Francia, y en el Institut Tecnic Eulália de Barcelona.

Ha sido redactor de la revista Fotogramas y ha colaborado en El Correo Catalán, Algo, Horizonte y TeleleXprés de Barcelona.

Es autor de varias novelas: A ras de tierra, Corpus de Sangre en Barcelona, que él llama reportaje histórico, y Los quinquis, un estudio sobre este desconocido grupo social que nada tiene que ver con el uso que se hace de la palabra.

En el presente libro aborda un tema que le intereso casi desde niño. En su primera infancia seguía vivo el recuerdo de las violentas luchas sociales de Barcelona. Para un niño significaba casi una novela del Oeste. Más adelante, por curiosidad, fue hablando con cuantos habían vivido o conocido aquella epoca y aquella lucha. Cierto día en casa de Dionisio Ridruejo se dijo, precisamente al comentar aquellos años, que hacia falta un estudio de ese período tan oscuro y tan trágico. Entonces concibió la idea del presente libro, cuya preparación y redacción han sido muy difíciles.

Photo archives: 1918 a ; 1918 b ; 1918 c ; 1919 a ; 1919 b ; 1920s a ; 1920s b ; 1920s c

PRISON MEMOIRS OF AN ANARCHIST by Alexander Berkman — eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)

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John William Ward’s essay on Alexander Berkman’s Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist originally appeared in The New York Review of Books in 1970. It was composed against the background of the 1960s, with an eye to the rioting in America’s inner cities and to the increasing violence of the opposition to the Vietnam War. But Ward also addresses a larger issue: the seemingly inescapable presence of violence in American social life. His reflections on that subject remain as pertinent today as when they were written.

Alexander Berkman’s book is vivid, candid, honest.” —New York Times

“No other book discusses so frankly the criminal ways of the closed prison society.”—Kenneth Rexroth

On July 23, 1892, Alexander Berkman, an immigrant Russian Jew, idealist, and anarchist, forced his way into the Pittsburgh office of Henry Clay Frick in order to kill him. The assassination was, in the anarchist tradition, to be an attentat, a political deed of violence to awaken the consciousness of the people against their oppressors. Frick, manager of the Carnegie steel works while Andrew Carnegie was on vacation in Scotland, had crushed the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers in the infamous Homestead strike, which ended in a fatal battle between Pinkertons and strikers. Berkman was there to continue the struggle between the workers and their capitalist oppressors. He failed. He failed to kill Frick. He failed to arouse the workers. The outcome, instead, was a book, a classic in the literature of autobiography, Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist.

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Terrorists and Terrorism by Edward Hyams eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)

Anarchist novelist, viticulturalist, garden writer, political scientist and historian, Edward Hyams* (1910-1975) argues that despite government and mainstream media homilies to the contrary, sustained political terrorism is often effective and no more nor less morally reprehensible than any other form of warfare. Where is the rationale for the absolute denial of military force to all but those “who happen to be the holders of political power?” Beginning with the the 19th century “theorists” of terrorism— Bakunin, Johann Most, Max Stirner and especially Nechayev, who created for himself the persona that was to become a literary archetype of the revolutionary fanatic (he was the model for Verkhovensky in Dostoevsky’s The Possessed) — Hyams moves on to discuss, more generally, some of the “practitioners” such as the Carbonari, the Serbian “Black Hand,” the Narodnaya Volya and even the Mafia before concentrating his argument on the two most successful terrorist campaigns of modern times — those which established the independent states of Israel and Ireland. In 1918 it was not Lloyd-George’s sympathy with Irish and Welsh nationalist aspirations but the brilliant guerrilla tactics of Michael Collins which forced the British to rethink “the Irish question”. Similarly though the moderates took over the reins of power quickly enough, “it was the terrorists who gave Israel to the Jews.” Hyams concludes that terrorism will be with us so long as there are laws because: it is in law that social injustice is embodied and by law that it is sanctioned. Terrorism thus becomes nothing less than a “cathartic fever” endemic in civilization, which can only be eliminated by “pre-emptive, sustained counter-terrorism” of the leviathan state — which may be infinitely more brutal and oppressive than any band of brigands. A lucid, tough-minded, well-argued and disturbing book.

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* Hyams other works include: Killing No Murder. A study of assasination as a political means; Pierre-Joseph Proudhon: His Revolutionary Life, Mind and Works; The Grapevine in England; A History of Gardens and Gardening; and English Cottage Gardens (in which he describes how between 1760 and 1867 the English ruling class stole seven milion acres of common land, the property and livelihood of the common people of England, which he called a “gigantic crime, by far the grandest larceny in England’s history”.
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