LOS AÑOS DEL PISTOLERISMO. Ensayo para una guerra civil — León-Ignacio. (Jacinto León Ignacio Ruiz de Cardenas —1919-1991)

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Durante cinco años. de 1919 a 1923, las luchas obreras adquirieron un tono de extraordinaria violencia. Gentes de distinta ideología y diferente clase social se mataban por las calles a plena luz del día. Fue el equivalente a las revueltas espartaquistas de Alemania y a las marxistas de Hungría y otros varios países. El recuerdo de aquellos años trágicos se mantiene aún y resultan familiares los nombres de Martínez Anido, de Arlegui y del Noi del Sucre. Sin embargo, poca gente sabe cómo se llegó a eso y de qué forma, y en qué circunstancias se desarrolló la lucha.

El presente libro es un intento de exponerlo de forma cronológica y de aclarar quiénes lo hicieron y por qué lo hicieron. Se ha pretendido sobre todo exponer el gran drama humano que representó la resistencia sindicalista y la represión burguesa que ocurrieron paralelamente y que fueron consecuencia una de otra en un continuo círculo vicioso. Asimismo. el libro intenta exponer las consecuencias que durante años tuvo esa lucha, impulsada por extremistas de ambos bandos. hasta que la convivencia llegó a ser imposible. Fue un ensayo de guerra civil.

Jacinto León Ignacio Ruiz de Cardenas (1919-1991)

León-Ignacio nació en Barcelona el 21 de agosto de 1919. Estudió en el colegio del Redentor y en la English School, ambos de Barcelona, con breves intermedios en el Lycée de Foix, Francia, y en el Institut Tecnic Eulália de Barcelona.

Ha sido redactor de la revista Fotogramas y ha colaborado en El Correo Catalán, Algo, Horizonte y TeleleXprés de Barcelona.

Es autor de varias novelas: A ras de tierra, Corpus de Sangre en Barcelona, que él llama reportaje histórico, y Los quinquis, un estudio sobre este desconocido grupo social que nada tiene que ver con el uso que se hace de la palabra.

En el presente libro aborda un tema que le intereso casi desde niño. En su primera infancia seguía vivo el recuerdo de las violentas luchas sociales de Barcelona. Para un niño significaba casi una novela del Oeste. Más adelante, por curiosidad, fue hablando con cuantos habían vivido o conocido aquella epoca y aquella lucha. Cierto día en casa de Dionisio Ridruejo se dijo, precisamente al comentar aquellos años, que hacia falta un estudio de ese período tan oscuro y tan trágico. Entonces concibió la idea del presente libro, cuya preparación y redacción han sido muy difíciles.

Photo archives: 1918 a ; 1918 b ; 1918 c ; 1919 a ; 1919 b ; 1920s a ; 1920s b ; 1920s c

Terrorists and Terrorism by Edward Hyams eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)

Anarchist novelist, viticulturalist, garden writer, political scientist and historian, Edward Hyams* (1910-1975) argues that despite government and mainstream media homilies to the contrary, sustained political terrorism is often effective and no more nor less morally reprehensible than any other form of warfare. Where is the rationale for the absolute denial of military force to all but those “who happen to be the holders of political power?” Beginning with the the 19th century “theorists” of terrorism— Bakunin, Johann Most, Max Stirner and especially Nechayev, who created for himself the persona that was to become a literary archetype of the revolutionary fanatic (he was the model for Verkhovensky in Dostoevsky’s The Possessed) — Hyams moves on to discuss, more generally, some of the “practitioners” such as the Carbonari, the Serbian “Black Hand,” the Narodnaya Volya and even the Mafia before concentrating his argument on the two most successful terrorist campaigns of modern times — those which established the independent states of Israel and Ireland. In 1918 it was not Lloyd-George’s sympathy with Irish and Welsh nationalist aspirations but the brilliant guerrilla tactics of Michael Collins which forced the British to rethink “the Irish question”. Similarly though the moderates took over the reins of power quickly enough, “it was the terrorists who gave Israel to the Jews.” Hyams concludes that terrorism will be with us so long as there are laws because: it is in law that social injustice is embodied and by law that it is sanctioned. Terrorism thus becomes nothing less than a “cathartic fever” endemic in civilization, which can only be eliminated by “pre-emptive, sustained counter-terrorism” of the leviathan state — which may be infinitely more brutal and oppressive than any band of brigands. A lucid, tough-minded, well-argued and disturbing book.

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* Hyams other works include: Killing No Murder. A study of assasination as a political means; Pierre-Joseph Proudhon: His Revolutionary Life, Mind and Works; The Grapevine in England; A History of Gardens and Gardening; and English Cottage Gardens (in which he describes how between 1760 and 1867 the English ruling class stole seven milion acres of common land, the property and livelihood of the common people of England, which he called a “gigantic crime, by far the grandest larceny in England’s history”.
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LUCIO URTUBIA — THE INDOMITABLE ANARCHIST by Bernard Thomas. (Translated by Paul Sharkey) eBook — £1.50

LuciosmallLUCIO URTUBIA — THE INDOMITABLE ANARCHIST by Bernard Thomas

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The biography of Lucio Urtubia, a Paris-based Navarese anarchist who was a friend and protégé of the enigmatic Spanish urban guerrilla ‘El Quico’, and the friend of, among others, André Breton and Albert Camus. Lucio played his part in the network of anarchist action and illegalist groups (Laureano Cerrada, D.I., First of May Group, M.I.L., G.A.R.I., Action Directe) that resisted and challenged the Franco and other oppressive regimes from the late 1950s through to the ‘70s and beyond. He is probably best known — because of his arrest in 1977 — for his ‘Robin Hood’ role in the falsification and international distribution of tens of thousands of Citibank $100 cheques— the money raised being used to support the libertarian guerrilla movements in Latin America (Tupamaros and Montoneros) and in Europe (G.A.R.I.). The action so damaged the bank its stock price plummetted. However, in spite of the scale and audacity of the forgery operation, Urtubia received only a six-month jail sentence as a result of an extrajudicial agreement with Citibank, which dropped the charges in exchange for Lucio’s printing plates. A unique story of ordinary politically conscious people — bricklayers, house-painters, electricians, etc. — challenging injustice in the turbulent nineteen sixties- and –seventies.
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THE INTERNATIONAL REVOLUTIONARY SOLIDARITY MOVEMENT A study of the origins and development of the revolutionary anarchist movement in Europe 1945-’73 Edited by Albert Meltzer eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)

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A concise study of the origins and development of the revolutionary anarchist movement in Europe 1945-73, with particular reference to the First of May Group. Formed in 1966 by the post-war generation of (largely Spanish) anarchist militants this group took up arms against Franco and US imperialism was the best known anarchist activist group of the period, representing a continuation of the work of Francisco Sabaté (el Quico) and the immediate post-war Spanish urban and rural guerrilla resistance, and a bridgehead into the next period when revolutionary activism in many countries (Germany, USA, Italy, and South America) consisted of many strands, some of which were authoritarian Marxist—usually Maoist, sometimes Council-Communist, occasionally Trotskyist, others Anarchist. Includes background, a chronology, and documents from The First of May Group, (search for El Grupo Primero de Mayo) the International Revolutionary Solidarity Movement and the Federación Ibérica de Juventudes Libertarias.   LOOK INSIDE