|Biography of Rafael Barrett (Torrelavega, Spain, January 7, 1876 – Arcachon, France, December 17, 1910). a Spanish writer, narrator, essayist and journalist, who developed most of his literary production in Paraguay, becoming an important figure of the Paraguayan literature during the twentieth century. He is particularly known for his stories and essays with profound philosophical content that in some way anticipated existentialism. His philosophical and political statements in support of anarchism are also well known.
Three of the greatest South American writers have expressed their deep admiration for Barrett’s work and his influence on them. In Paraguay, Augusto Roa Bastos, in Argentina, Jorge Luís Borges and in Uruguay, José Enrique Rodó.
My Anarchism:Barret defined himself as anarchist from 1908 in his famous pamphlet My Anarchism.: The etymological sense of “absence of government” is enough for me. We have to destroy the spirit of authority and the prestige of the laws. That’s it. That would be the work of the free exam. The fools think that anarchy is disorder and that without government the society will always end in chaos. They don’t conceive other order that the one imposed from the exterior by the terror of the weapons. The anarchism, as I understand it, is reduced to the free political exam. […] ¿So what we must do? Educate the others and us. Everything is resumed in the free exam. That our children examine our laws and despise them!